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矛盾论(一九三七年八月)

此文容易被忽视的精华部分:

经济上城市和乡村的矛盾,在资本主义社会里面(那里资产阶级统治的城市残酷地掠夺乡村),在中国的国民党统治区域里面(那里外国帝国主义和本国买办大资产阶级所统治的城市极野蛮地掠夺乡村),那是极其对抗的矛盾。但在社会主义国家里面,在我们的革命根据地里面,这种对抗的矛盾就变为非对抗的矛盾,而当到达共产主义社会的时候,这种矛盾就会消灭。 列宁说:“对抗和矛盾断然不同。在社会主义下,对抗消灭了,矛盾存在着。”[37]这就是说,对抗只是矛盾斗争的一种形式,而不是它的一切形式,不能到处套用这个公式。

总结:矛盾论主要讲了两个生活小技巧,1. 先识别一件事里可能参与的各种群体(矛盾各方),提取其中可能存在的最激烈的冲突(主要矛盾),然后往自己需要的方向因势利导(矛盾的情况永远在变化,所以你也可以让它变化);2. 把彼此冲突的两个方面闷烧在一口锅里,把火药浸在水里,断绝他们对抗的可能性,断绝从外部解决问题的可能性,最后一直画饼说以后会解决即可。当然,这一功法,需要推翻统治的时候逆练,需要维持统治的时候正练。如此可达到四两拨千斤的效果。

看到这本书是因为在微博广泛流传的一套截图,其内容之新颖让我立刻去下载了,大概一周后才发现那套截图的流传是为了攻讦作者抹黑污蔑中华文明。

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因为到处听说商君书是邪恶统治之端,所以找来看看,一边看一边记。

维基文库本点校很不堪,后来找到了《商子汇校汇注》供参阅。

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恩格斯于 1887

Source: Marx and Engels On Religion, Progress Publishers, 1957;
Transcribed: by Andy Blunden.

(纯机翻)

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(感觉这本书比较有意思的部分是“差序社会”,“自我主义”和“教化权力”。“教化权力”在今天需要结合新媒体、kol 和文化圈子来理解,互联网乃至思想的全方位封建化……)

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从 4 开始:

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What’s at issue in any enunciation is not whether it’s received but whether it can become contagious. I call insinuation — the illapsus, according to medieval philosophy — a strategy consisting in following the twists and turns of thought, the wandering words that win me over while at the same time constituting the vague terrain where their reception will establish itself. By playing on the relationship of the sign to what it refers to, by using clichés against themselves, like in caricatures, by letting the reader come closer, insinuation makes possible an encounter, an intimate presence, between the subject of the pronouncement and those who relate to the pronouncement itself. “There are passwords hidden under slogans,” write Deleuze and Guattari, “words that are pronounced as if in passing, components of a passage; whereas slogans mark points of stoppage, stratified and organized compositions.” Insinuation is the haze of theory and suits a discourse whose objective is to permit struggles against the worship of transparency, attached at its very roots to the cybernetic hypothesis.

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Attacking the cybernetic hypothesis — it must be repeated — doesn’t mean just critiquing it, and counterposing a concurrent vision of the social world; it means experimenting alongside it, actuating other protocols, redesigning them from scratch and enjoying them.

— The Cybernetic Hypothesis, VII

Excerpts from Critical Metaphysics as a Science of Apparatuses (Tiqqun)

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7.27 edit:

第 282 页居然有插画,根据图片,以下理解应该差不多是对的,除了最后还有一层—— full body without organs,在资本之后。配图见页面底部。

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分卷缩写如下:

CG — 盖尔芒特家那边;TR — 重现的时光;AD — 女逃亡者;JF — 在少女们身旁;CS — 在斯万家那边

和之前一样,粗体和斜体是重点和高能部分,【 】里是自己的批注,( ) 标注中译本页数。写笔记过程中批注和个人理解的区别不是很明晰,所以括号外个人想法的含量也很高,请注意辨别。

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